The Mountains of the Moon.
The Rwenzori Mountains or in times of antiquity known as the ‘Legendary Mountains of the Moon’, is a mountain range of central Africa, often referred to as Mt. Rwenzori, located on the border between Uganda and the DRC. It is recognised as a UNESCO world heritage site.
The Rwenzori Mountains are the highest and most permanent sources of the River Nile, and constitute a vital water catchment. Their multitude of fast flowing rivers, magnificent waterfalls and stratified vegetation make the property exceptionally scenic and beautiful. The mountains are well-known for their unique alpine flora & Fauna. The Park supplies local communities with various wild resources and is an important cultural heritage. The mountain supports the richest montane flora in Africa. It is home to some rarest vegetation types on the African continent and is home to many undiscovered species
History & connection to ancient Egypt
These mountain ranges are the source of the Nile River this fact was a matter of speculation for thousands of years. The ancient Greek historian Herodotus was on of the first Europeans to compile and record the various theories of the river’s origins in the 5th century BC. According to Herodotus, the Ancient Egyptians believed that the Nile had its source in two great mountains within which were eternal springs. From here one branch was said to flow north, dividing Egypt, and another south into Nubia and Ethiopia. The priests of Sais, from whom Herodotus extracted this theory, believed the mountains to lie somewhere between Thebes and Elephantine (Aswan). Cleary, even in Herodotus’ day, the Nile had been explored well into Nubia and this was generally known to be false.
Herodotus also mentions several other theories, one being it was believed by some that the Nile River’s annual inundation was caused by snowfall at its source.
Herodotus spurned this theory based upon the well known fact that, as one travels south towards the equator it becomes excessively hot. In Herodotus’ day it was believed that the temperatures in the Torrid Zone, as it was called, where so severe and the beasts that dwelt there so ferocious, that the region was all but impassable (yep & that’s where people like myself, come from). How, Herodotus asked, could there be snows in such a place? Despite being wholeheartedly dismissed by Herodotus, this theory was very close to the truth. This theory centuries later was proven to be true by the works of Ptolemy in the 2nd century & finally validated by John Speke and Henry Morton Stanley in the mid 19th century.
The highest Rwenzoris are permanently snow-capped, and they, along with Kilimanjaro and Mount Kenya are the only such in Africa.So the roots of Nile rest in mount Kilimanjaro.