Nok

'God has given you one face, and yet you make yourself another' Shakespeare. Never conform to the status Quo. This blog is inspired by knowledge of the old world and truth. Email: Nok_ind@yahoo.com

historydepicted:

Here’s a big project I worked on a while ago, depicting the ancient glory and modern destruction of the Nubian pyramids at Meroë. The two images are shot from the same perspective so you can flip between them. To learn more about the Nubian culture, their relationship with Ancient Egypt, and why and when the pyramids were obliterated, check out the fuller history at historydepicted.com !

The Italians and british took this place apart due to greed and arrogance this has happened all over the continent. Our collective histories and cultures have been appropriated raped then disregarded.

(via diasporicroots)

Lupita reminds me of a Kandake of kush. If they were going to make a film about the Kushites Lupita would play a Kandake. In the film she mush visit the Great temple of Ptah.

Head of Shepenupet II from National Museum, Alexandria, Egypt (They weren’t able to get to the nose of this statue)

Head of Shepenupet II from National Museum, Alexandria, Egypt (They weren’t able to get to the nose of this statue)

fyeahblackhistory:

GOLD SHEET WITH CHASED DECORATION of King Amaniastabarqa in Napata (538-519 BC)
King Amaniastabarqa was king of  Kush/Sudan from 510 BCE-487 BCE


Description: 
Beneath a star-filled hieroglyph for “heaven,” the finely chased gold sheet shows at left the falcon-headed god Ra with sun-disk, offering the hieroglyphs for “life” and “stability” in his right hand to King Amaniastabarqa at right, whose name appears in the cartouche. The latter wears the “Kushite cap” with double uraeus and diadem, as well as the royal ram’s-head neck ornament, a broad collar, armlets, bracelets, and crossed bands on his forearms.



Source: Gold; Harvard University-MFA Boston Expedition, February 1917. Khartoum, National Museum

fyeahblackhistory:

GOLD SHEET WITH CHASED DECORATION of King Amaniastabarqa in Napata (538-519 BC)

King Amaniastabarqa was king of  Kush/Sudan from 510 BCE-487 BCE
Description:
Beneath a star-filled hieroglyph for “heaven,” the finely chased gold sheet shows at left the falcon-headed god Ra with sun-disk, offering the hieroglyphs for “life” and “stability” in his right hand to King Amaniastabarqa at right, whose name appears in the cartouche. The latter wears the “Kushite cap” with double uraeus and diadem, as well as the royal ram’s-head neck ornament, a broad collar, armlets, bracelets, and crossed bands on his forearms.
Source: Gold; Harvard University-MFA Boston Expedition, February 1917. Khartoum, National Museum

(via diasporicroots)

PIANKHI OF KUSH
Art work by Omar Buckley
Website:www.ramomart.com
Facebook:
The Nubian king Piankhi (reigned ca. 741-ca. 712 B.C.) began the conquest of Lower Egypt which resulted in the establishment of the Twenty-fifth, or “Ethiopian, ” Dynasty of pharaohs. This was one of the few times in African history when a state fromthe interior of the continent played a role in the politics of the Mediterranean.
Piankhi was the hereditary ruler of the kingdom of Cush on the Upper Nile in what is now the northern Sudan. About 741 B.C. he succeeded his father, Kashta, who seems to have founded this Nubian Kingdom. By this time Lower Egypt had been in full decline for almost half a millennium. The Egyptian state was torn by internal power struggles among petty rulers, so the situation was ripe for a strong invader to take over. Piankhi moved steadily down the Nile, conquering towns one by one. By 721 B.C. he was in possession of Heracleopolis, and finally he captured Heliopolis in the Delta.
At this point Piankhi regarded the conquest of Egypt as complete, and he returned home to his Cushite capital in Napata after placing the Egyptian rulers in tributary status. He was received in Napata with much acclaim for having humiliated the former Egyptian overlords of Nubia, but the tributary states which he left soon fell under the sway of a local ruler named Tefnakht, who reasserted Egyptian independence.
A great deal is known about the details of Piankhi’s campaign because he built a huge stele in Amon with a lengthy inscription. This account is regarded as unusually rational and lively by modern Egyptologists.
Just like the Nubian rulers who followed him, Piankhi was culturally very conservative, and he sought to strengthen some of the institutions which were undergoing decline in Egypt. In the brief time he was in Lower Egypt, he oversaw the restoration of some crumbling temples. Upon his return to Cush he introduced the Egyptian custom of building pyramids for royal mausoleums, and he had a great pyramid built for himself in Kuru, south of Napata on the Nile. He rebuilt the temple at Jebel Barkal and also built a number of other temples in the Egyptian style.
Curiously, all the Egyptian sources dwell on Piankhi’s love of fast horses. He instituted the practice of decorating teams of horses to pull royal chariots, and the remains of a team of horses were found in his tomb at Kuru.
Further Reading
There is no biography of Piankhi, but considerable detail on his conquest of Egypt is in the translation of his inscription at Amon in E.A. Wallis Budge, Books on Egypt and Chaldaea: Egyptian Literature, vol. 2: Annals of Nubian Kings (1912). An excellent, brief discussion of the relationship between ancient Egypt and the Sudan by A.Arkell is in Roland Oliver, The Dawn of African History (1961). Arkell’s A History of the Sudan (1961) is also very useful. Considerable attention is given to Piankhi and the “Ethiopian” pharaohs in James Henry Breasted’s classic A History of Egypt (1905; 2d ed. 1909).
Read more: http://www.answers.com/topic/king-piankhi#ixzz1zgxubR3x

PIANKHI OF KUSH

Art work by Omar Buckley

Website:www.ramomart.com

Facebook:

The Nubian king Piankhi (reigned ca. 741-ca. 712 B.C.) began the conquest of Lower Egypt which resulted in the establishment of the Twenty-fifth, or “Ethiopian, ” Dynasty of pharaohs. This was one of the few times in African history when a state fromthe interior of the continent played a role in the politics of the Mediterranean.

Piankhi was the hereditary ruler of the kingdom of Cush on the Upper Nile in what is now the northern Sudan. About 741 B.C. he succeeded his father, Kashta, who seems to have founded this Nubian Kingdom. By this time Lower Egypt had been in full decline for almost half a millennium. The Egyptian state was torn by internal power struggles among petty rulers, so the situation was ripe for a strong invader to take over. Piankhi moved steadily down the Nile, conquering towns one by one. By 721 B.C. he was in possession of Heracleopolis, and finally he captured Heliopolis in the Delta.

At this point Piankhi regarded the conquest of Egypt as complete, and he returned home to his Cushite capital in Napata after placing the Egyptian rulers in tributary status. He was received in Napata with much acclaim for having humiliated the former Egyptian overlords of Nubia, but the tributary states which he left soon fell under the sway of a local ruler named Tefnakht, who reasserted Egyptian independence.

A great deal is known about the details of Piankhi’s campaign because he built a huge stele in Amon with a lengthy inscription. This account is regarded as unusually rational and lively by modern Egyptologists.

Just like the Nubian rulers who followed him, Piankhi was culturally very conservative, and he sought to strengthen some of the institutions which were undergoing decline in Egypt. In the brief time he was in Lower Egypt, he oversaw the restoration of some crumbling temples. Upon his return to Cush he introduced the Egyptian custom of building pyramids for royal mausoleums, and he had a great pyramid built for himself in Kuru, south of Napata on the Nile. He rebuilt the temple at Jebel Barkal and also built a number of other temples in the Egyptian style.

Curiously, all the Egyptian sources dwell on Piankhi’s love of fast horses. He instituted the practice of decorating teams of horses to pull royal chariots, and the remains of a team of horses were found in his tomb at Kuru.

Further Reading

There is no biography of Piankhi, but considerable detail on his conquest of Egypt is in the translation of his inscription at Amon in E.A. Wallis Budge, Books on Egypt and Chaldaea: Egyptian Literature, vol. 2: Annals of Nubian Kings (1912). An excellent, brief discussion of the relationship between ancient Egypt and the Sudan by A.Arkell is in Roland Oliver, The Dawn of African History (1961). Arkell’s A History of the Sudan (1961) is also very useful. Considerable attention is given to Piankhi and the “Ethiopian” pharaohs in James Henry Breasted’s classic A History of Egypt (1905; 2d ed. 1909).



Read more: http://www.answers.com/topic/king-piankhi#ixzz1zgxubR3x

Tablet of Truth Series 3 - Origins of Ethiopia-Solomon-Naga 

From Seven of Innerstanding, touching into the origins of Ethiopia. This is by no means an expansive account. 

This touches very lightly onto the source.

fyeahblackhistory:

The Kandakes of Kush. 
Kandake, also known as Candace, Kendake or Kentake was the title for queens and queen mothers of the ancient African Kingdom of Kush, also known as Nubia and Ethiopia.
They were known as Nubian warrior queens, queen regents, and Ruling queen mothers. They controlled what is now Ethiopia, Sudan, and parts of Egypt. They co-ruled the Meroitic with their brothers (not their husbands), a trait of matrilineal societies. They were buried with rich treasure in their own pyramids.
Reliefs dated to about 170 B.C. reveal Kandake Shanakdakheto, dressed in armor and wielding a spear in battle. She did not rule as queen regent or queen mother but as a fully independent ruler. Her husband was her consort. Reliefs found in the ruins of building projects she commissioned, Shanakdakheto is portrayed both alone as well as with her husband and son, who would inherit the throne by her passing.
One of the most well known Kandakes was Amanishakheto known for defeating the Roman invasion of Nubia by Augustus and subsequently brokering a favorable peace treaty.
Conclusion
The “Kandakes/Candaces” serve as examples of women as powerful figures or clever strategists in their roles as queens, as warrior queens, or as romantic figures, they have had great appeal in times past, and will continue to do so in this present era of feminist or humanist interest in the subject.
Click here for more
References: Nubian Queens in the Nile Valley and Afro-Asiatic Cultural History - Carolyn Fluehr-Lobban, Professor of Anthropology, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston U.S.A, August 20-26, 1998

Although I wrote this I will Critique it. We must start honoring our Ancestors by remembering them appropriately the above picture was drawn by European Artist hence why the Deity Bez looks Arab. The origin of this deity comes from Central Africa. I will go into this & Amanishakheto in future posts.
With that more art needs to be drawn bringing (Manifesting) these historical figures into Present day.

fyeahblackhistory:

The Kandakes of Kush.

Kandake, also known as Candace, Kendake or Kentake was the title for queens and queen mothers of the ancient African Kingdom of Kush, also known as Nubia and Ethiopia.

They were known as Nubian warrior queens, queen regents, and Ruling queen mothers. They controlled what is now Ethiopia, Sudan, and parts of Egypt. They co-ruled the Meroitic with their brothers (not their husbands), a trait of matrilineal societies. They were buried with rich treasure in their own pyramids.

Reliefs dated to about 170 B.C. reveal Kandake Shanakdakheto, dressed in armor and wielding a spear in battle. She did not rule as queen regent or queen mother but as a fully independent ruler. Her husband was her consort. Reliefs found in the ruins of building projects she commissioned, Shanakdakheto is portrayed both alone as well as with her husband and son, who would inherit the throne by her passing.

One of the most well known Kandakes was Amanishakheto known for defeating the Roman invasion of Nubia by Augustus and subsequently brokering a favorable peace treaty.

Conclusion

The “Kandakes/Candaces” serve as examples of women as powerful figures or clever strategists in their roles as queens, as warrior queens, or as romantic figures, they have had great appeal in times past, and will continue to do so in this present era of feminist or humanist interest in the subject.

Click here for more

References: Nubian Queens in the Nile Valley and Afro-Asiatic Cultural History - Carolyn Fluehr-Lobban, Professor of Anthropology, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston U.S.A, August 20-26, 1998

Although I wrote this I will Critique it. We must start honoring our Ancestors by remembering them appropriately the above picture was drawn by European Artist hence why the Deity Bez looks Arab. The origin of this deity comes from Central Africa. I will go into this & Amanishakheto in future posts.

With that more art needs to be drawn bringing (Manifesting) these historical figures into Present day.

(via diasporicroots)

Apedemek

Apedemek, “the lord of royal power,” was a Nubian lion god, and at the Apedemek Temple at Naqa, south of Meroe, relief’s show Apedmek worshiped by the royal family. The kings were always seated upon lion thrones. Temple relief’s show the enemies of the king subdued by, and in some cases devoured by, lions. It has been stated that lions were kept in the Lion Temple, as living symbols of Apedemek. Interestingly, research has revealed that the worship of the ancient Egyptian lioness goddess, Sekhmet, could have been originally introduced into Egypt from Sudan. One wonders what other leonine-related mysteries exist unrevealed and unknown at the sites of the civilization of Nubia.
The lion of ancient times was also a symbol of wisdom. King Solomon was at times symbolized as a lion. In first Book of Kings (10: 19-20) Solomon’s throne is described: “The throne had six steps, and the top of the throne was round behind: and there were stays [handrests] on either side on the place of the seat and two lions stood beside the stays. And twelve lions stood there on the one side and on the other upon the six steps there was not the like made in any kingdom.”

The lion was the emissary of the sun, symbolizing light, truth, regeneration, and a god of fertility.

Source:http://wysinger.homestead.com/apedemek.html

Pere-Aah (Pharaoh) Shabaka Nafurkare Meriamun, Ruler of Ancient Kush and Ancient Egypt during the 25th dynasty, who brought us the Sacred Stone of Shabaka transcribed from the Great temple of Ptah.

Pere-Aah (Pharaoh) Shabaka Nafurkare Meriamun, Ruler of Ancient Kush and Ancient Egypt during the 25th dynasty, who brought us the Sacred Stone of Shabaka transcribed from the Great temple of Ptah.

In Nubia, fears of another Darfur

Nubian students

Carolyn Cole / LAT Students line up in Sebu, one of the Nubian villages that would be submerged by a proposed dam. Residents have been watching warily as a parade of unfamiliar trucks and SUVs speeds through town carrying Chinese engineers to a work site a mile away. As tensions flare over proposed dams, many fear the northern Sudan territory will be the next to region erupt in violence.

By Edmund Sanders, Los Angeles Times Staff Writer


August 31, 2007 SEBU, SUDAN — The tranquil Nubian villages along this Nile River stretch are best known for the brightly painted gates that adorn many of the simple mud-brick homes. With geometric shapes and hieroglyphic-like pictures, the oversized gates hark back to the stone-carved doorways the villagers’ ancestors once built on pyramids that rivaled Egypt’s. 

These days, however, the elaborate entryways are shadowed by black flags. Government soldiers patrol once-quiet dirt streets, occasionally drawing stones from angry youths. Protest graffiti mar the walls, including one scrawling of an AK-47 with the simple caption: “Darfur 2.” 

 Map First, southern Sudan erupted in a 20-year civil war, followed by the east and, most recently, the western region of Darfur. Now many fear that Sudan’s northern territory of Nubia will be the next to explode over the fight for resources and all-too-familiar accusations of “ethnic cleansing” and complaints of marginalization by an Arab-dominated government. 

Tensions have been high here since soldiers opened fire on an anti-government protest of 5,000 Nubians in June, killing four young men and wounding nearly two dozen. The government has arrested nearly three dozen Nubian leaders and four journalists who were trying to cover the violence. 

Now a recently formed rebel group, calling itself the Kush Liberation Front, is advocating armed resistance to overthrow the central government, which it accuses of oppressing Nubians and other indigenous peoples in Sudan. 

"Our efforts will not succeed unless they are backed by military action," said Abdelwahab Adem, a Nubian former businessman and co-founder of the Kush Liberation Front. "We need to get rid of the Arabs. Our goal is to realize a new Sudan, by force if necessary." 

Adem said the new movement would rely on “guerrilla fighting,” targeting the capital, Khartoum, and other major Sudanese cities. He declined to specify what sort of tactics might be used or how many fighters the group has. 

With a separate language and culture, Nubians view themselves as a distinct ethnic group and take pride in being one of Africa’s oldest civilizations. Political observers say the budding movement appears to be taking its cue from the rebellions in Darfur and southern Sudan. 

"That’s the lesson of Darfur," said one Western diplomat in Khartoum, who spoke on condition of anonymity. 

"The government will only listen to you when you pick up a gun." 

Darfur rebels are a potential source of weapons and training for the Kush Liberation Front, observers said. 

"We have good relations with our brothers in Darfur," said Adem, who is based in London. But he denied receiving support from the western Sudanese rebels. 

The spark for recent unrest was a government proposal to construct two or three electricity-producing dams along the Nile in the Nubian heartland, between the villages of Kajbar, about 350 miles north of Khartoum, and Dal, about 100 miles from the Egyptian border. 

This fertile Nile River strip is home to an estimated 300,000 Nubians, many of whom would be forced to relocate if rising river waters swallowed scores of villages. 

Also at risk are some of the world’s richest archeological ruins, notably those around the ancient city of Kerma, the first Nubian capital, settled at least 8,000 years ago and lying just downstream from where the proposed 200-megawatt Kajbar dam would be built. The site is home to the oldest known man-made structure in sub-Saharan Africa: a 50-foot, 3,500-year-old mud-brick temple known as the Deffufa. 

The proposals come on top of another controversial project, the 1,250-megawatt Merowe Dam, which is already under construction about 150 miles to the east. Flooding from that project will displace 70,000 Arab farmers and engulf several hundred miles of unexplored Nubian archeological sites. 

"They want to cut us from our roots and flood all of Nubia and its history," said Sharif Adeen Ali, 53, a Nubian farmer in the village of Sebu. "They’ve done this before." 

In 1964, construction of the Aswan High Dam in Egypt forced the relocation of 50,000 Sudanese Nubians in the Wadi Halfa region near the Egyptian border and nearly 800,000 Nubians in Egypt. 

Nubians see the new dams as a plot by Arab governments in Sudan and Egypt to exterminate their communities and seize the land. 

"The two countries have never liked having Nubians, who are not Arabs, in the middle," said Abdul Halim Sabbar, a former doctor who is part of the Kajbar Dam Resistance Committee. 

In Sebu, one of the Nubian communities that would be submerged by the Kajbar dam, once-welcoming residents now peer warily at the parade of unfamiliar trucks and SUVs that speeds through town carrying Chinese engineers to a work site a mile away. Though government officials say they are only conducting a feasibility study, Chinese crews are installing giant cranes, water towers, floodlights and other equipment that suggest to villagers that construction is underway. 

On a recent morning, nearly 400 government soldiers marched and drilled at a new military camp set up on the edge of Sebu to protect the Chinese workers. On hills overlooking the village, uniformed lookouts with rifles over their shoulders positioned themselves behind rocks. 

"It’s become very tense," said one villager, who was afraid to be identified. "Many eyes are watching." 

Officials at Sudan’s Dams Implementation Unit declined to comment. 

A leader in Sudan’s ruling party defended the dams, contending that they would help the Nubian communities by providing electricity and irrigation for farming. 

"It’s going to economically transform the area," said Osman Khalid Mudawi, foreign affairs chairman in Sudan’s parliament. He estimated that a lake created by the dam would irrigate 750,000 acres of newly arable land. 

But some scientists and environmentalists questioned whether the dams would expand food production, noting that the region’s soil is mostly desert sand and granite. Farming is possible only along the riverbanks, thanks to rich silt deposits from the Nile. 

A recent report by the United Nations Environmental Program noted that Sudan’s existing dams suffer from declining performance because they are clogged with silt, which has proved difficult to remove. Water loss as a result of the high evaporation rates in the desert heat is another problem. Meanwhile, downstream from the dams, farm production has fallen because the soil is no longer enriched by the silt. 

It’s a similar story at the Aswan High Dam, where the lake created by the dam is filling with silt much faster than anticipated and downstream farmers are resorting to artificial fertilizers for the first time. 

Nubians argue that the new dams are not intended to provide electricity and irrigation in Sudan, but to rescue the Aswan High Dam by capturing silt before it reaches Egypt. “These dams don’t look at all like development,” said Sabbar, the resistance committee member. “It’s clearly part of a programmed scheme between Egypt and Sudan.” 

For decades, Nubians have lived in relative isolation, shunning politics and priding themselves on self-sufficiency. Some years the region found itself entirely left out of the federal budget, which is evident from the lack of paved roads and electricity. Nubians built their own hospitals and schools, though they are still prohibited by law from teaching in their native language. 

The threat of renewed flooding, however, has drawn Nubians out of the political desert, and they are mobilizing for a fight. 

In addition to demonstrations in Sudan, Nubians abroad are pressing the issue with the United Nations, U.S. State Department and human rights groups such as Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch. They’ve protested at the Sudanese and Chinese embassies in Washington and uploaded graphic footage of the June 13 clashes on the Internet. 

"We have more freedom to express ourselves than those still inside Sudan," said Nuraddin Abdulmannan, a Nubian activist who is heading the resistance committee in Washington. He says it is the duty of the international community to preserve the region’s archeological sites, which include temples and pyramids built when Nubian kings briefly reigned over Egypt’s pharaohs around 730 BC. 

"This is an international treasure, and there’s an international responsibility to protect it." 

For many, the June clash with government troops was the final indignity. Witnesses said soldiers tear-gassed the noisy but peaceful demonstrators, forcing many to jump into the river to escape the fumes. When protesters began to regroup, soldiers opened fire without warning. 

"It was a murder, an assassination," said Ahmed Abdullahi Ameen, 63, whose son, 28, was one of the four killed. The young man, Sheik Adeen Haj Ahmed, was shot in the back of the head as he climbed out of the river. 

Many Nubians say they have little to lose. Izzadin Idriss Mohammed, 71, a Nubian activist in the village of Farig, described the tensions with an old Nubian saying: 

"One who is sinking in the Nile will reach for any branch to survive." 

edmund.sanders@latimes.com


Jabel Barkal is a symbol of the Nubian Kingdom and second of the three Nubian temples built some 2500 years ago. The Nubian people of Sudan have an ancient heritage dating back some 3000 years or more. (Carolyn Cole / LAT)

Nubian students in the Sudanese village of Sebu are taught in Arabic, not their native language. Nubians view themselves as a distinct ethnicity, neither Arab nor strictly black African, and they take pride in being one of Africa’s oldest civilizations. (Carolyn Cole / LAT)

Ancient Nubian drawings at a royal burial ground not far from Jebel Barkal. (Carolyn Cole / LAT)

The moon rises over the Meroe Pyramids, the third Nubian capital and royal burial ground of the Nubian Kingdom. Meroe is the largest archaeological site in Sudan and will not be threatened by the current dam project. (Carolyn Cole / LAT)

Men arrive at the Meroe Pyramids to provide camel rides for tourists. Other Nubian ruins nearby could be at risk from a proposed 200-megawatt dam. (Carolyn Cole / LAT)

This was written in 2007 i wonder what the case is now!!

Source:http://pzacad.pitzer.edu/~hfairchi/News/Africa/NubiaLAT083107.htm

(Source: nok-ind)

Articles to come: Nubian kings of Sudan & Egypt

The next few articles are going to be on Nubia, Some of its kings, its feats and achievements in technology and Military campaigns.  

Such as Taharqa who was dual King of Nubia and the 25th dynasty of egypt and Sudan Originally known as Kemet and Kush.

Image 1. Illustration by gregory manchess showing the nubian pharaoh Taharqa with nubian pyramids in the background

He is noted in the bible in 2 Kings 19:9; Isaiah 37:9 as Tirhakah, king of Ethiopia, who waged war against Sennacherib during the reign of King Hezekiah ofJudah  and drove him from his intention of destroying Jerusalem and deporting its inhabitants—a critical action that, according to Henry T. Aubin, has shaped the Western world (Aubin 2003).

References;

 Henry T. Aubin, The Rescue of Jerusalem, 2nd edition, 2003, Anchor Canada.

Stay tuned for more

Merowe Dam & Flooding of Ancient Kush - by Prof. Manu Ampim

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