Nok

'God has given you one face, and yet you make yourself another' Shakespeare. Never conform to the status Quo. This blog is inspired by knowledge of the old world and truth. Email: Nok_ind@yahoo.com

The best and shortest road towards knowledge of truth is Nature.
— Proverb from the Great temple of Karnak
nok-ind:

Dahomey’s female hunters, the Gbeto, attack a herd of elephants.

nok-ind:

Dahomey’s female hunters, the Gbeto, attack a herd of elephants.

Lupita reminds me of a Kandake of kush. If they were going to make a film about the Kushites Lupita would play a Kandake. In the film she mush visit the Great temple of Ptah.

"Gaffou" by Salif Keita | SK* Session

Salif Keita is a descendent of Sundiata Keita founder of the Malian empire.

The Empire of ancient Ghana
The empire of ancient Ghana created by the Mende (Soninke) with human habitation dating back to at least around 4,000 BC.

Ancient Ghana was located in what is now southeastern Mauritania and western Mali.
Today the area around Dar Tichitt in southern Mauritania has been the subject of much archaeological attention, revealing successive layers of settlement near what still were small lakes as late as 1200 BCE. At this time people there built circular compounds, 60-100 feet in diameter, near the beaches of the lakes. (‘Compound’ is the name given to a housing type, still common today, in which several members of related families share space within a wall.) These compounds were arranged into large villages located about 12 miles from each other. Inhabitants fished, herded cattle and planted some millet, which they stored in pottery vessels. This was the last era of reasonable moisture in this part of the Sahara. By 1000 BCE the villages, still made up of compounds, had been relocated to hilltop positions, and were walled. Cattle were still herded, more millet was grown, but there were no more lakes for fishing. From 700-300 BCE the villages decreased in size and farming was reduced at the expense of pastoralism.

Architecturally, the villages of Dar Tichitt resemble those of the modern northern Mande (Soninke), who live in the savanna 300-400 miles to the south. These ancient villagers were not only farmers, but were engaged in trade connected with the salt and copper mines which developed to the north. Horse drawn vehicles passed through the Tichitt valley, bringing trading opportunities, ideas, and opening up the inhabitants to raids from their more nomadic northern neighbors. Development of the social and political organization necessary to handle commerce and defense must have been a factor in the subsequent development of Ghana, the first great Sudanic empire, in this part of West Africa.

It is very plausible to think that the people of antiquity in Ancient Ghana may be connected to the Ancient peoples who lived in the Sahara before it turned into dessert. Additionally Habitation of the region where the Ghana empire existed is much older than Western academics are aware of.

(Source: city-data.com)

THE AFRICAN SCIENCE BEHIND THE AFRICAN ZOO TYPES OF ANCIENT EGYPT

THE /UPPER NILE/NUBIAN ORIGINS OF ANCIENT EGYPTIAN WILDLIFE/ANIMALS AND ZOO TYPES.. THE SCIENCE BEHIND THE ANIMALS AND DIETIES OF ANCIENT EGYPT. EGYPT’S INDIGENOUS AFRICAN ANIMALS. THE METU NETER SYMBOLIC LANGUAGE ORIGINS

Ancient Egyptian “Blackness” in the Graeco-Roman Imagination

blackinasia:

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[image description: A bust of King Tutankhamun showing him with dark skin and text overlaying it, “Ancient Egyptian ‘Blackness’ in the Graeco-Roman Imagination”]

Alex Proyas’s new film “The Gods of Egypt" is getting ready for release in 2016, and to nobody’s surprise was formerly slated to have an all-white cast starring Gerard Butler, Nikolaj Coster-Waldau (from "Game of Thrones") and others. After a determined campaign by petitioners pushing for more historic accuracy, black actor, Chadwick Boseman was cast in a supporting role in the film adding a drop of color to the all-white cast. 

But why are we still having this discussion in the first place? Why does it take a petition drive for a white director making a film about ancient Egypt to think, “Oh wait, maybe ancient Egyptians didn’t look like they were from Scotland?” Why do Hollywood representations and the popular imagination of ancient Egyptians almost always cast them as either white people (in the modern sense) or as really “tan white people”?  I find conceptions and constructions of race and ethnicity to be fascinating, and have explored it in my research during college, and also on this site in my extended piece on conceptions of “Whiteness” in European contexts.

The “debate” on ancient Egypt, though, frankly bored me because race is not a biological but rather a social construct. For us to retroject our own conceptions of race onto the past is inherently anachronistic and so if “blackness” meant little to ancient Egyptians and the world they inhabited (despite them clearly being a black and brown people) then why should it matter to me?

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[image description: A movie still of the white British-American actress Elizabeth Taylor as Cleopatra in the 1963 film Cleopatra]

I was therefore fascinated to stumble across an extended work of scholarship by a young scholar named Tristan Samuels titled “The Riddle in the Dark: Rethinking ‘Blackness’ in Greco-Roman Racial Discourse.” In this extensive 146 page work, Samuels explores the constructions of “blackness” from the Greek and Roman perspective. These, the actual ”dark skinned white people” (in the modern sense) of antiquity clearly and systematically labeled and saw Egyptians and other peoples as “black” in their world (as a racial characteristic and parameter in “othering”), and so this “debate” did in fact matter. Much of this essay will therefore be spent exploring the ideas laid out in Samuels’ impressive work, but to start I’d like to explore how the ancient Egyptians saw themselves.

Read More

(Source: owning-my-truth)

There is a ridiculous lie that eurocentrics like propagate, which is that black Africans never even created the wheel. Below are ancient Saharan rock paintings (over 7,000 years old) showing horse drawn chariots.

Click here for more on the ancient Saharans.

(Source: city-data.com)

Our Ancestors will not accept mediocrity as their standards.

Ivan Van Sertima

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(via diasporicroots)

(via diasporicroots)

Ina Fandrich, "Yoruba Influences on Haitian Vodou and New Orleans Voodoo" [PDF]

(Source: conjureandsuch, via talesofthestarshipregeneration)

Religion is the deification of a people’s culture. Therefore religion empowers the people in who’s culture the religion is expressed. 
— Dr. Yosef Ben Jochannan

nok-ind:

The Shabaka Stone

The Shabaka Stone, is a basalt stela that purports to have been copied from a sacred ancient egyptian papyrus. The Pharaoh Shabaka was inspecting the houses of Neturs (What we now consider temples) in Memphis, egypt. In particular The temple of Ptah where he discovered the only written information of the ancient Memphite beliefs damaged decaying and worm ridden.  He had this stone commissioned and ordered that the papyrus be carved onto a stone so that its knowledge and information may last for all time. So to ensure that the Ptah text would last for eternity he had the rest of the text transcribed and written onto this stone. 

Most of what is now known of Memphite religious beliefs comes from this Stone.  Mennefer (Memphis), was called the city of the “White Walls” for the enormous walls around the Temple of Ptah compound (forth picture)., it was the first capital of Egypt following its unification by the pharaoh Menes. In the area around Memphis, at sites such as Saqqara and Dahshur, pharaohs and important officials were entombed over many centuries.

The stone text was Written in a style reminiscent of the Pyramid Texts of the Old Kingdom, sculpted into the walls of the burial chambers of the pyramids of the pharaohs of Dynasty V and VI to ensure their successful passage into the Hereafter, the text of the Shabaka Stone deals with the role of Ptah, the creator god of the Memphite pantheon, and that of the city of Memphis relative to the Two Lands of Egypt.

The importance of Ptah
The people of Memphis believed that their god Ptah was the most ancient and pre-eminent of all the gods. Ptah was seen as the creator of all the other gods, the sun, and was responsible for the ripening of vegetation. The gods of Heliopolis were considered to be just forms or manifestations of Ptah. He was called the “heart and tongue” of the Ennead. To the Egyptians, the heart and tongue were the seat of the human soul and intellect, Ptah was superior to Atum.

Mennefer (Memphis) and the great temple of Ptah

Mephis being the first capital city of ancient egypt  was founded by Menes himself following the unification of upper and lower Egypt. It’s stated that Menes established his capital on the banks of the Nile by diverting the river with dikes.

The great temple of Ptah, was the largest and most important temple in ancient Memphis.  Also founded by Menes with the core building of the complex being restricted to priests and kings. It was one of the most prominent structures in the city, occupying a large precinct within the city’s centre. Enriched by centuries of veneration, the temple was one of the three foremost places of worship in Ancient Egypt. Infact the great temple of Ptah may have been larger than the temple of Karnak, making it possibly the largest place of worship ever built on earth. Alexander the great was crowned and buried at this temple in Memphis.

In the 13th century, the Arab chronicler Abd-ul-Latif, upon visiting the site, describes and gives testimony to the grandeur of the ruins of Memphis:

“Enormous as are the extent and antiquity of this city, in spite of the frequent change of governments whose yoke it has borne, and the great pains more than one nation has been at to destroy it, to sweep its last trace from the face of the earth, to carry away the stones and materials of which it was constructed, to mutilate the statues which adorned it; in spite, finally, of all that more than four thousand years have done in addition to man, these ruins still offer to the eye of the beholder a mass of marvels which bewilder the senses and which the most skillful pens must fail to describe. The more deeply we contemplate this city the more our admiration rises, and every fresh glance at the ruins is a fresh source of delight … The ruins of Memphis hold a half-day’s journey in every direction.”

The Greco-Romans and the Advent of Christianity 

During the Greco-Roman period, Memphis lost much of its importance to Alexandria. With the Edict of Theodosius I (AD 379-95), Christianity was established as the official religion of the Roman Empire. The sites in and around Memphis became quarries for building projects in Cairo and the Temple of Ptah was destroyed. Thus, most of the information about the Memphite religious beliefs have been lost. In particularly the Arrival of the Romans and the advent of Christianity spelled the complete ruin of the ancient traditional practices of Memphis. ‘This radically altered the philosophical landscape, pushing aside the Egyptian framework, claiming that eternal damnation is what is in stall for us, unless we embrace Christianity. Such simplistic thinking was seen by the ancient Egyptians as “the darkness”, as its philosophy was not only considered to be basic, but plain wrong. And it happened with Emperor Constantius, one of Constantine the Great’s sons and successors, who issued a decree in 353 AD which ordered temples to be closed and pagan sacrifices to be banned; those who disobeyed the law were to be put to death, fulfilling an ancient prophecy.

Damage.

Unfortunately, since its original creation the Shabaka Stone was damaged as a result of ignorant disregard in post-Pharaonic Egypt, when it was used as a millstone to grind grain and so some of the passages are no longer clear. 

This Artifact can be found in the british Museum in London.

References:

Antinous, G (2013) THE ANCIENT “RENAISSANCE MAN” IMHOTEP SET THE EGYPTIAN PRECEDENT FOR ANTINOUS TO BECOME A GOD (antinousgaygod) [online] available from: http://antinousgaygod.blogspot.co.uk/2013_05_01_archive.html

Coppens, P (2011) The Lament of Hermes the Egyptian (Philip Coppens) [online] available from:http://www.philipcoppens.com/thelament.html

Dungen, W, V, D (2010) The Theology of Memphis ( The Memphis Theology of the Shabaka Stone) [online] available from: http://maat.sofiatopia.org/memphis.htm

Dungen, W, V, D (2010) one the Shabaka Stone ( The Memphis Theology of the Shabaka Stone) [online] available from: http://www.maat.sofiatopia.org/shabaka.htm

Memphis, Egypt (2011) (Wikipedia)[online] available from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Memphis,_Egypt#Great_Temple_of_Ptah

The Triad of Memphis (Ancient egyptian myths) [online] available from: http://www.egyptianmyths.net/memphis.htm

Tour Egypt (2011) Egypt Temples (Tour Egypt) [online] available from: http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/temples.htm

Wysinger, M (2012) The God Bes (ancient Africa’s black kingdoms) [online] available from: http://wysinger.homestead.com/bes.html

Wysinger, M (2012)  King Shabaka of Ancient egypt (Ancient Africa’s black kingdoms) [online] available from: http://wysinger.homestead.com/nubian58.html

This has been updated with corrections and more pictures.

(via diasporicroots)

fuckyeahmarxismleninism:

Today in history: January 9, 1922 - Ahmed Sékou Touré born. 
Touré was a major figure in the African anti-colonial and Pan African movement. He was a leader in Guinea’s independence movement, and when Guinea won independence from France in 1958, Touré became president. 
(image: Touré announcing Guinea’s independence in 1958)
Via Freedom Road Socialist Organization (Fight Back!)

fuckyeahmarxismleninism:

Today in history: January 9, 1922 - Ahmed Sékou Touré born.

Touré was a major figure in the African anti-colonial and Pan African movement. He was a leader in Guinea’s independence movement, and when Guinea won independence from France in 1958, Touré became president.

(image: Touré announcing Guinea’s independence in 1958)

Via Freedom Road Socialist Organization (Fight Back!)

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